Section 9 Text referencing

In this section we will explore two different ways for referencing text in the document, classical markdown way, supported by rmarkdown::html_document output type and more Rmarkdown specific way supported by bookdown::html_document2 output type.

9.1 Introduction

The most rudimentary referencing we can do in Rmarkdown is linking to the header of the section, which we briefly touched on at the beginning of the book.

9.1.1 Starting blob of text (optional)

You may wish to skip this section and instead use any of your previously generated Rmarkdown document. We are going to use slightly trimmed version of what we have been building in the first part of the book.

title: "Rmarkdown"
author: "Kirill"
date: "2020-11-16"
    toc: false
    theme: readable
    code_folding: "hide"

# R code

```{r setup, include=FALSE}
knitr::opts_chunk$set(echo = TRUE,
                      message = FALSE,
                      warning = FALSE)


## Getting and wrangling the data

```{r get_data}

make_url <- function(package) {
  paste0('<a href="', package, '">', package, '</a>')


avail_packages <- available.packages(contriburl = contrib.url("")) %>%
                    as_tibble() %>% 
                    rowwise() %>% 
                    mutate(Depend = length(unlist(strsplit(Imports, split = ",")))) %>% 
                    ungroup() %>% 
                    select(Package, Version, Depend, Imports, License) %>% 
                    mutate(Package = make_url(Package),
                           Depend = ifelse(, -1, Depend)) 

## Displaying table

```{r make_table}
avail_packages %>% datatable(escape = FALSE)

## Plot the data

```{r plot}
avail_packages %>% ggplot(aes(Depend)) + geom_bar()

9.1.2 Linking

Three things to know about text linking:

  • the syntax [text](link)
  • the “link” part of the syntax can’t have any spaces, replace them with a dash symbol
  • the hash symbol (#) signals an internal link to the header, as oppose external link to the internet

allowed alphanumeric characters (a-z, A-Z, 0-9), -, /

Let’s create a new section at the bottom of our document, using level 1 header with a short sentence beneath.

# Text linking

Here is a link to the [Displaying table](#displaying-table) section above

9.2 bookdown::html_document2

Thus far we have been using output: html_document to generate our Rmarkdown documents. That function belong to rmarkdown package. Let’s us introduce to you another R package, bookdown. This package is an extension of rmarkdown package from the same team. bookdown::html_document2 function inherent from rmarkdown::html_document and provides the following additional features, which we will explore in subsequent section, one at a time:

  • text referencing
  • cross referencing (figure, tables and sections)
  • numbering (figure, tables and sections)

Let’s begging by updating our YAML header to this new output type - bookdown::html_document2 and press Kint button. Remember you can use comments symbol (#) at the start of the line to mask specific lines in the YAML header.

    toc: true
    theme: redable

9.3 Creating labels

Let’s create our first text label with the following syntax (ref:label), where label can be any name and add a short sentence that we will want to insert elsewhere in the document later and press Knit

(ref:barplot) Barplot displaying frequency of dependencies for all of the R packages in the CRAN repository to date `r Sys.Date()`

Note that you should NOTE see any text appearing in your final document. This is because we haven’t yet referenced the label anywhere in the text

— interesting

9.4 Using labels

Let’s use our newly created label for figure capture. We will add additional code chunk option into our plot chunk using the following code.

```{r plot, fig.cap='(ref:barplot)'}

We can reuse that reference label anywhere with the document

— +1

9.5 Cross referencing

Let me introduce the syntax for the cross-referencing and then we are going to practice it.

  • \@ref(intro): referencing header section (same results as linking)

can add a section header labels with the following syntax

## Rather long header name {#long-header}
  • \@ref(fig:label): provides pointer to the specific figure

  • \@ref(table:label): provides pointer to the specific table

where label is the chunk name