# Section 1 Markdown syntax

We will begging exploring concise markdown syntax in the first section of the book. You will be amazed how with just few additional text markups and the smart functions from rmarkdown R package we can create a world of different document types.

## 1.1 Introduction

Let’s begin with install rmarkdown package using the following command

install.packages("rmarkdown")

Once we have the package installed, let’s open a plain text file by either executing the following command

file.edit("learning.Rmd")

or via help menu at the top left of RStudio

File
└── New File
└── Text File

and then saving that file as learning_rmd.Rmd by pressing ctrl+s. Note that .Rmd extension is important it triggers RStudio to understand that we are working with Rmarkdown file, which results in new button Knit appearing at the top of the text editor window

And let’s write our first bit of text and press Knit button at the top of the console pane or use keyboard shortbut ctrl+shift+k

I would like to learn Rmarkdown.

— Excellent work there !

## 1.2 RStudio tweaks

Let’s do a couple quick RStduio tweaks to help us throughout the day. Use menu bar at the top to navigate to Global Options which should bring a new dialog up.

Tools
└── Global Options

R General -> (untick) Restore .RData into workspace at startup
R General -> Save workspace to .RData on exit: Never
R Markdown -> Show output preview in: Viewer Pane

Let’s start out first journey into marking text up (or down?)

Add a # hash symbol in front of the short sentence that we wrote and press Knit again

# I would like to learn Rmarkdown

Now play with different header levels and don’t forget to press Knit

#### I

### would like

## to learn

# Rmarkdown

— Excellent, you are getting a hang of it!

## 1.4 Bullet points

Let’s now add a bit more content to our Rmarkdown document. First of all remove all of the previous text and type out this one and press Knit or ctrl+shift+k


# Introduction

> outcomes:

- learn how to create and share Rmarkdown document
- learn various document type, e.g html, pdf and docx
- ~~learn to fly the rocket!~~

The bottom line is - I would like to learn Rmarkdown!
<br>
Like **seriously** become **good** at it !

— This is looking good!

You should understand by now that by using different number of # symbols we are creating different section in our document, so let’s create another section and Knit

## Task list for today

- [X] Get aspired to learn Rmarkdown
- [ ] Get to know three core components of the Rmarkdown document (header, body, R chunks)
- [ ] Practice, practice !

## 1.6 Code and Math blocks

Both mathematical equations and code chunks can be embedded inline or standalone. Let’s first add new, code section to our document and include a short code chunk

### 1.6.1 Code chunk

## Code

You can use single backtick on each side of the code for inline or triple backticks for standalone code block


#!/bin/bash

echo "Why am I doing BASH in this course?"

Rscript --vanilla run_away.R


One useful addition to the code block syntax (triple backticks) is ability to specify language for highlighting purposes, which realy helps with readability. The code about is BASH let’s add that to our code block BASH and Knit again.

It doesn’t matter if you use lower case bash or upper case BASH word, but for other languages it may matter, you should double check.

We will get to this a bit later in the book, but a little spoiler, if you don’t mark your code chunk with any language name, knitr won’t be able to recognise that chunk as code and your Rmarkdown document will miss out on some useful features e.g code_folding, but let’s talk more about shortly

### 1.6.2 Math chunk

Let’s add another section and include a one math equation into our document.

## Math
This is a covariance equation, random variable $X$ co-variace with random variable $Y$, where $\\bar{X} = mean(X)$ and $\\bar{Y} = mean(Y)$ and $N$ is a size of a random sample from the population.

$$cov(X,Y) = \frac{\\sum(X_{i}-\\bar{X})(Y_{i}-\\bar{Y})}{N-1}$$

More on LaTex here

## 1.7 Images

We add images the same way we add any other hyperlink using the following syntax, except we also add ! symbol at the front to emphasize that this is an image and not a text hyperlink

[text](link)

where “link” is a path to the file, can be on the internet i.e URL or local path on your system

Let’s add Rmarkdown Hex sticker image to our document under another section “Images” and press Knit

## Images

![hex_image](https://bookdown.org/yihui/rmarkdown/images/hex-rmarkdown.png)

Everything had worked well and we can see the image, except the image is pretty much the only thing we can see now. Let’s adjust image size with the following addition. We are resizing the image to 50 % of the original size.

## Images

![](https://bookdown.org/yihui/rmarkdown/images/hex-rmarkdown.png){width=50%}

## 1.8 Final look

Just in case you’ve got lost, this is how our first section should look like

# Introduction

> outcome:

- learn how to create and share Rmarkdown document
- learn various document type, e.g html, pdf and docx
- ~~learn to fly the rocket!~~

The bottom line is - I would like to learn Rmarkdown!
<br>
Like **seriously** become **good** at it !

- [X] Get aspired to learn Rmarkdown
- [ ] Get to know three core components of the Rmarkdown document (header, body, R chunks)
- [ ] Practice, practice !

## Code

You can use single backtick on each side of the code for inline code or triple backticks for standalone code block

bash
#!/bin/bash

echo "Why am I doing BASH in this course?"

Rscript --vanilla run_away.R


## Math

This is a covariance equation, random variable $X$ co-variace with random variable $Y$, where $\bar{X} = mean(X)$ and $\bar{Y} = mean(Y)$ and $N$ is a size of a random sample from the population.

$$cov(X,Y) = \frac{\sum(X_{i}-\bar{X})(Y_{i}-\bar{Y})}{N-1}$$

[for more LaxTex syntax here](https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/LaTeX/Mathematics)

## Images

![](https://bookdown.org/yihui/rmarkdown/images/hex-rmarkdown.png){width=50%}`